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What are Age Spots?

Age Spots

Usually tan, brown or black in colour, age spots are oval in shape and the size varies from freckle size to more than 13mm. It is also known as liver spots and they tend to develop on the face after the age of 40, indicating that the skin has entered its aging period.

Where do they appear?

Age spots on the face are commonly found on the sun-exposed areas, especially on the cheeks and cheekbones.

Causes

  • Aging: When skin ages and it is further exposed to environmental damages, melanin is consistently produced to protect the skin. Hence, age spots are very common in adults over the age of 50. Nevertheless, it may develop on younger people too, especially those who spend a lot of time in the sun.

  • Overexposure to sun: On areas of the skin that have been exposed to frequent and prolonged sun exposure, melanin is produced in high concentrations and builds up in these areas, resulting in age spots. Apart from that, frequent trips to tanning salons can also contribute to the development of age spots. The highly sought after sun-kissed look is actually the result of our skin’s natural defense mechanism to protect deeper layers of the skin from harmful UV rays, which are known to accelerate the production of melanin and skin aging.

Other Pigmentation Types

freckles- shakura pigmentation beauty singapore

Freckles

Found in the size of matchstick heads, freckles do not cause a change in skin texture. They are flat circular spots which are usually tan or light brown in colour.

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post-acne pigmentation- shakura

Post-Acne Pigmentation

Developed from healed acne wounds, there are two types of post-acne pigmentation. Marks which are reddish in colour are caused by broken blood capillaries that have yet to heal at the site of acne lesion.

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post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation- shakura

Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation

Developed through inflamed wounds, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is usually tan, brown or black in colour.

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solar lentigines-shakura pigmentation beauty

Solar Lentigines

Commonly known as sunspots, solar lentigines are usually brown in colour and they do not cause a change in skin texture. They are darker and more irregular in appearance as compared to freckles.

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melasma (chloasma)- shakura pigmentation beauty singapore

Melasma / Chloasma

Characterised by a butterfly-shaped mark, melasma is a type of hyperpigmentation which is more prevalent among people with a darker skin tone

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other pigmentation types- shakura

Others

Uneven skin tone and computer radiation spots.

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